Sigararutang Coffee Variety and Other Popular Varietals in Sumatra You Have to Try Sumatra is well-known because of the quality of its arabica coffee. One of them is the Sigararutang coffee variety. The origin of this coffee is in the highlands of Simalungun in the Lake Toba region. It has perfect altitude, climate, and perfect soil for arabica coffee. Here are the things you have to know about Sigararutang coffee beans.
The History of Sigararutang Coffee Variety
Most coffee varieties in Simalungun were brought by farmers from the Gayo Highlands in the Central Aceh region. The ICCRI or the Indonesia Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute brought a specific varietal known as Sigarar Utang in the middle of the 90s and planted it in the Gayo Highlands.
The Habitat of Sigararutang Coffee Variety
The location of the Simalungun highland lies between 1.200 to 1.700 m above sea level. It is a perfect habitat for arabica coffee since this variety grows well at 1.500 m. This area receives at least 2.500 to 3.000 mm of rain per year. It means the coffee gets wet around ten months with only two months of the dry season.
The soil is also perfect for coffee plants. It is volcanic soil with dark color and a pH level of between 4.5 to 5.5. Plus, there are a lot of organic fertilizers around the area. Due to the perfect atmosphere, farmers even can harvest the Sigararutang coffee variety all year round, especially from March to May and September to November.
Other Local Coffee Varietals in Sumatra
This varietal was introduced in 1955 to the Jember Research Facility or ICCRI from the India Coffee Research Station. Indian researchers released this varietal in the 1940s. Jember coffee variety is a hybrid coffee variety between the Kent varietal and the Typica coffee varietal. The Typica is also a hybrid coffee varietal between the Coffea Arabica and Coffea Liberica.
It has a tall tree, quite wide, dense foliage, and a lot of primary branches. The young leaves are golden brown or bronze. You can see the flowers about 15 to 24 months after being transplanted. You need to wait 1 to 2 months to see the pinhead stage cherries. The cherries are ready to harvest within 5 to 8 months.
The United States Department of Agriculture brought this varietal to the Jember Research Facility in 1956. USDA has a tall tree, along with branches out sideways. The stems and branches grow fast. The young branches are brownish, whereas the older branches have a darker color. The young leaves are golden brown or bronze.
Above all, this varietal starts flowering around 32 to 34 months after being transplanted. Wait for 1 to 2 months to see the pinhead stage cherries. After that, You can harvest the cherries after 6 to 9 months.
Onan Ganjang was discovered by coffee farmers in the Onan Ganjang village in the late 80s. They started planting these hybrid varieties all over the Lintong Nihuta region. However, like Jember and Usda varietals, Onan Ganjang also has tall tree. Yet, it has light green young leaves.
This varietal starts flowering about 15 to 24 months after being transplanted. It achieves the pinhead stage cherries in 1 to 2 months. The cherries are ready to harvest within 5 to 8 months. It is also one of the popular coffee varieties besides the Sigararutang Coffee variety.